Licence Validity

Once you clear your written exam by making the payment of Rs 100/- on Bharatkosh through Saralsanchar website the monitoring station will issue you the result. After you upload your result and apply for a call sign by making below payment either for Restricted or for General. Licence will be issued.

The validity of licence for both the categories – Restricted and General are same. The periods for validity of the licence are:-

Amateur Radio Station Licence Restricted/General

Rs 1,000/- valid for 20 years

Rs 2,000/- valid or Life Time

Morse Code

What is Morse Code ?

A system of communication developed by Samuel Morse used for telegraph, in which the letters of the alphabet are coded as a combination of dots and dashes so that messages can either be sent using light, sound or wireless.

Morse code is a method used in telecommunication to encode text characters as standardized sequences of two different signal durations, called dots and dashes, or dits and dahs

International Morse code encodes the 26 basic Latin lettersa through z, one accented Latin letter (é), the Arabic numerals, and a small set of punctuation and procedural signals (prosigns). There is no distinction between upper and lower case letters.[1] Each Morse code symbol is formed by a sequence of dits and dahs. The dit duration is the basic unit of time measurement in Morse code transmission. The duration of a dah is three times the duration of a dit. Each dit or dah within an encoded character is followed by a period of signal absence, called a space, equal to the dit duration. The letters of a word are separated by a space of duration equal to three dits, and words are separated by a space equal to seven dits.[1] Until 1949, words were separated by a space equal to five dits.

Is Morse Code madatory to get the licence ?

NO. Morse Code is not madatory for getting the restricted grade amateur radio licence. And YES, it is madatory in case you need to go for genaral grade amateur radio licence.

What Is The Use Of This Hobby

Being an amateur radio operator is a good way to provide community service. While casual communication is one of the first things that attracts people to Ham Radio, operators also serve a larger purpose – in times of crisis when many modern technologies for communication like internet, mobile phone, satellite fails then this is the only means of communication. Though Defence, Disaster Management and other agencies do come forward to support.

Bharatkosh Registration

How To Register On Bharatkosk

Website –

  • On Google Search just type bharatkosh it will take you to this website as below:-
  • The moment you kick on that it take you to below mentioned page of Bharatkosh
  • Click on LOGIN / REGISTER
  • After that it will take you to below mentioned page
  • Just below the GREEN colour icon Submit you will find New User
  • Click on New User
  • After clicking New User it will take you to below mentioned page
  • Enter your mobile No
  • Enter your Email ID
  • Enter Captcha
  • Then press send OTP
  • Once you get the OTP enter the same in the below mentioned page
  • After entering the OTP press verify
  • After that it will take you to below mentioned page which is displayed here in TWO parts
  • In Depositor’s Category – from the dropdown menu select “Individual”
  • In Select Controller – from the dropdown menu select “TELECOMMUNICATIONS”
  • Enter your First Name in one row
  • Enter your Last Name in second row
  • Enter your User Name of your choice
  • Enter password of your choice as per the page below
  • After entering all the details as above Press Submit and then will take you to last page
  • The last page says “Success”
  • This completes the First step of your Registration on Bharatkosh website

Ohm’s Law

What is Ohm’s Law?

This was derived by a German physicist named as Georg Ohm (1789-1854),

Ohm’s Law is a formula used to calculate the relationship between Voltage, Current and Resistance in an electronic circuit.

In electronics, Ohm’s Law (E = IR) is as fundamentally important as Einstein’s Relativity equation (E = mc²) is to physicists.

E = I x R

Which is voltage = current x resistance, or volts = amps x ohms, or V = A x Ω.

In Ohm’s Law each alphabets stands as below which is used in our day to day electronics and in circuits we work on:

QuantityOhm’s Law
Unit of measure
Role in circuitsIn case you’re wondering:
VoltageEVolt (V)Pressure that triggers electron flowE = electromotive force (old-school term)
CurrentIAmpere, amp (A)Rate of electron flowI = intensity
ResistanceROhm (Ω)Flow inhibitorΩ = Greek letter omega

If two of these values are known, technicians can reconfigure Ohm’s Law to calculate the third. Just modify the pyramid as follows:

How to reconfigure Ohm’s Law formula.

How to get the licence

Getting a Amateur Radio/HAM Radio licence is very easy. Monitoring Station keeps conducting ASOC exam from time to time.

One has to get in touch with any club station like DARTS or any other club station in India or can directly apply through Saralsanchar website and you will be intimated directly through the monitoring station of that city, for the exams. After clearing the written exam conducted by any Monitoring Station of any city in India WPC issues a licence to keeps wireless equipments and to operate them.

Click here for more info.

What are the categories of Amateur Radio License in India

Gone are the days, when we had multiple categories of licenses. We used to apply for the Shortwave Listener’s License to keep a communication receiver for monitoring HAM bands before upgrading to an Amateur Radio Operator’s license, which allows to work amateur radio bands on various modes, viz., CW, Voice, Telegraph or Digital.

Following were FOUR categories of licence:-

  1. SWL (Shortwave Listeners’ Licence, allowed only to monitor the radio frequency in amateur bands).
  2. Grade II (Restriction of power was there plus one had to make 100 CW contacts and then only, was allowed to use voice after getting the licence)
  3. Grade I (Restriction of power was there but was allowed to go on air through voice immediately after getting the licence)
  4. Advance Grade (No restriction of power and can go on air immediately after getting the licence).

Today, to encourage this dying hobby, WPC (Wireless Planning & Coordination Wing) has reduced the number of categories of Licence. There are only TWO types of categories which are as below:-

(for further details kindly refer to our Amemdment in Rules, under Rules & Regulations, under Licence & Training on our DARTS's website)
  1. Restricted Grade (Morse code is not required)
  2. General Grade (Morse code with speed of 8wpm)

One has to pass a written exam to get the licence for Restricted or General grade which is organized by Monitoring station in respective city.

How to become HAM Radio Operator

Any individual above the age of 12 can became a ham radio operator in India after qualifying in Amateur Station Operators Certificate examination conducted by “The Officer-In-Charge”, WPC, Wireless Planning Commission, Government of India, Department of Telecommunication under Ministry of Communication through monitoring station which have their office in various states / cities in India.

These days it has become very to take HAM Radio exam. It takes just a week to train oneself to become eligible for the examination. Also here are many clubs stations in India which keep preparing for the ham radio license test and keep conducing these exams from time to time.

Amateur radio or ham radio is practiced by more than 16,000 licensed users in India. The first amateur radio operator was licensed in 1921, and by the mid-1930s, there were around 20 amateur radio operators in IndiaAmateur radio operators played an important part in the Indian independence movement

What is Amateur Radio / HAM Radio

Amateur Radio (ham radio) is a popular hobby and service that brings people, electronics and communication together. People use ham radio to talk across town, around the world, or even into space, all without the Internet or cell phones. It’s fun, social, educational, and can be a lifeline during natural disaster like floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes when all communications like cell phone, internet are down then the role of Amateur Radio comes into the picture.

HAM Radio a slang word is commonly used in this hobby.  It is sometimes claimed that HAM came from the first letter from the last names of three radio pioneers: Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, Edwin Armstrong and Guglielmo Marconi.

This hobby enjoyed by several hundred thousand people in the United States and by over a million people worldwide. Amateur radio operators call themselves “radio hams” or simply “hams.”